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Nigerian Soybean Cultivation And The Producing States

Soybean is among the species of legume and widely grown for its edible bean which has numerous uses. In Nigeria, it grows majorly in the middle belt accounting for 65-75% of the production in Nigeria.

Soybeans are grown from seed planted in rows in the field and can grow well on a wide variety of soils and climates. It takes about 4-7days after planting to start growing and about 90 and 150 days after sowing to mature. The pod of soya beans is usually green but turns yellowish brown when mature with the beans being hard and dry. Also, there are other varieties of soya beans which are black, brown or green coloured, although these varieties are rare.

After the soybeans are harvested, it is separated into pods and stems and can either be further processed or sold. The pod contains the soya beans, from which soya bean oil can be gotten from, and is done by cracking of the soybeans and subjecting it to heat at about 60oC- 88°C.

A solvent mainly hexane is added to extract the oil leaving behind the soya bean cake. The oil is then refined, blended, bleached and maybe on some occasions hydrogenated, it can serve as a vegetable oil or as a biodiesel fuel when further processed.


About Zagrain

Zagrain is registered as a limited liability company by the Nigerian Corporate Affairs Commission (CAC), with business scope encompassing agricultural products and trading.

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